This page provides overviews of named collections within the History of Science Collections. To identify materials in these collections, search OU Libraries online catalog Discover Local using search terms that include the donors names.
Collections are listed by last name, or by topic area (Geology, Meteorology)
George Goodman Collection
The George Jones Goodman Collection primarily contains the offprints, preprints, and reprints given to Dr. George J. Goodman and the History of Science Collections in botany and Western European History of Science. Goodman (1904-1999) was a botanist, Professor, and Curator Emeritus of the Bebb Herbarium, University of Oklahoma.
James G. Harlow Collection
The Harlow Collection is a collection of books in the history of science given in the memory of James G. Harlow Senior. There is a printed catalog for the collection:
Paul E. Klopsteg Archery Collection
The Paul E. Klopsteg Collection contains books, journals, photographs, correspondence and ephemera covering a range of topics related to archery. The Collection includes items written by Klopsteg, including his personal copy of Turkish Archery and the Composite Bow (1934). There are also several books which include a book plate with Klopsteg’s name or which have notes or inscriptions written on their pages by Klopsteg, the author, or a previous owner.
Of the over 600 works collected, nearly 60 are from the 1800s, 7 from the 1700s, 4 from the 1600s and 5 date back to the 1500s (including a woodcut from Muenster’s Cosmographia). While the majority of the collection is in English, there are also works in French, German, Japanese, Turkish, and Arabic.
Douglas K. Lilly Collection
The Douglas K. Lilly Collection consists of publications, papers, correspondence, and realia of Lilly, a professor of meteorology at the University of Oklahoma. These include Lilly’s correspondence (1991-1993) as Director of the Center for the Analysis and Prediction of Storms. Also included are cards, personal letters, the Rossby Research Medal from the American Meteorological Society, and photographs of Lilly, his family, and colleagues.
Bill Moore Collection
Bill Moore Collection: This collection of books, donated by renowned Oklahoma space historian Bill Moore, explores how aviators, astronauts, scientists and engineers from Oklahoma have participated in aerospace activities throughout the history of the state.
Jens Rud Nielsen Archive
Jens Rud Nielsen Archive consists of correspondence, publications, and research materials from the life and career of University of Oklahoma physics professor J. Rud Nielsen (1894-1979), who was a student of Niels Bohr in Copenhagen. The papers focus on Nielsen’s research files, publications, and collected works by other authors. The research files include his work on early volumes of Niels Bohr’s Collected Works; his research on molecular structure using Raman spectroscopy; reports of grant and contract projects for the Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission; and materials for physics courses taught at OU. Other materials document OU Physics Department events such as Niels Bohr’s visits to the Norman campus for public lectures. The collection also includes 1,041 glass slides depicting research results and physics principles; and printing blocks of graphics for articles in the Journal of the Optical Society of America and the Journal of Chemical Physics. ¶ A handwritten manuscript Nielsen composed as a memoir of Niels Bohr is cataloged separately in the History of Science Collections.
Jackson Rinn Pope III Collection
The Jackson Rinn Pope III Collection contains the library, audio discs, notes, and realia of a University of Oklahoma Graduate Student. This collection includes the history of ornithology, citizen science, and mid 20th century Russian space exploration. The history of ornithology portion includes research notes, a home study course in bird biology, and games.
Duane H. D. Roller Collection
The Duane H. D. Roller Collection consists of books and papers. Roller was hired in 1954 as the first Curator and professor of the history of science. He worked with DeGolyer and other donors to build the core collections, which established the University of Oklahoma as an international center for broad-based research in every subject area of the history of science. Roller retired in 1990. Few of his students realized Roller was an avid reader of pulp science fiction magazines, which make up the bulk of his donated books. Roller’s father, Duane H. Roller, was a physicist at the University of Oklahoma who also donated books to the Collections.
The Léo Laporte Archive: Laporte, a renowned geologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, is the foremost biographer of G. G. Simpson, whose work in paleontology provided a foundation for the early 20th-century Neo-Darwinian evolutionary synthesis. For this work, Laporte received the Mary C. Rabbitt Award from the Geological Society of America. The Laporte Archive consists of papers from his researches in the history of geology, especially pertaining to Simpson and Charles Darwin.
The Martin J. S. Rudwick Collection consists of the books and papers of the distinguished historian of geology Martin J. S. Rudwick. It includes more than 1,200 donated print volumes, including Rudwick’s own annotated copy of Charles Lyell, Principles of Geology (1830-1833). In addition to his research notes and correspondence, the Martin J. S. Rudwick Archive includes original historical items such as disbound portraits and hand-colored plates. Rudwick is known for pioneering contributions to the history of geological mapping, visual illustrations, the social construction of geology, and the rise of geohistory. See https://libraries.ou.edu/content/rudwick-donations
The Kenneth L. Taylor Collection consists of the books and papers of Kenneth L. Taylor, OU Professor Emeritus of the History of Science. ¶ Prof. Taylor’s research in the disciplinary, national, and intellectual contexts for the emergence of geology produced classic papers that remain foundational to subsequent research on science in the Enlightenment and the history of French science. Taylor’s many publications on Desmarest and Buffon began to rehabilitate the frequently-dismissed tradition of Theories of the Earth. His early studies of geological mapping demonstrated the importance of attending to illustrations as intellectual achievements in their own right at a time when the visual dimensions of texts were too often disregarded as merely decorative ornamentation. With these and other investigations, Prof. Taylor’s oeuvre centered the history of geology in broader conversations about the role of natural regularities and historical contingency in the history science. See https://libraries.ou.edu/content/taylor-donation
The Hugh S. Torrens Collection: consists of the books and papers of the distinguished historian of geology Hugh S. Torrens. Torrens’ nearly 400 publications (listed at hugh.torrens.org and still growing) cluster around a common theme of the historical relations between industrialization and geology. Torrens’ passion has been to recover the voices of invisible and forgotten figures who may have left no books but whose labors led to major discoveries and achievements in geology, whether an iron worker in the English Industrial Revolution or a British mining engineer whose expertise was coveted around the world. Torrens reconstructs their lives and contributions from a signature on a machine, a debtor’s note, a travel log, or a bill of sale. ¶ Torrens has devoted considerable scholarly attention to William Smith and Mary Anning. William Smith, creator of the single most renowned geological map, was a working-class canal surveyor by trade, whose famous map led not to honor but to confinement in debtor’s prison. Mary Anning, a working-class discoverer of dinosaur fossils near Lyme Regis, in Dorset, made a lot of gentlemen geologists famous. The Torrens archive is rich in materials related to these figures and their associates and contemporaries. See https://libraries.ou.edu/content/torrens-donation
The Gary Grice Collection in meteorology contains more than 200 volumes from the early 1800s to the mid 20th century. These books and booklets vary from theory and conceptual models to operational manuals of the U.S. Signal Service (1871-1891) and Weather Bureau (subsequent to 1891). The Grice Archive contains more than 200 photographs of old weather instruments and meteorological facilities. ¶ Grice also donated a barometer made for the Signal Service in the 1880s, which is in the Instruments and Artifacts Archive.
The Herbert Holl Collection contains the books and papers of Herbert Holl, who trained in Germany in the optics and physics of the atmosphere before World War II. His life and work represents a significant moment in the development of German physics before the second world war. The Holl Collection represents the books used by a generation of German scientists; many are very difficult to find in the United States. In important ways Herbert Holl exemplifies the influential community of German scientists who emigrated after the war to Huntsville, Alabama, and established a distinctive scientific and civic culture famously associated with the name of Werner von Braun.
The Edwin Kessler Archive: Kessler was the first director of the NSSL. Kessler oversaw the development of Doppler weather radar and was the first director of the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL).
The National Severe Storms Laboratory Archive contains papers beginning with the origin of the NSSL. Additional papers cover the NASA-Langley Lightning Research Project (1986) and the work of Leonard Benedict Loeb (1891-1978).
The Ronald K. Taylor Collection in meteorology, which includes both books and papers, was donated by Ming Ying Wei. Ronald K. Taylor was a 20th-century climatologist who worked for NOAA/NASA in Maryland. He was an early researcher of Antarctic changes with an eye to how climate change might affect global agriculture. Ming Ying Wei was the first female graduate from OU with a doctorate in meteorology. She also worked for NOAA/NASA in Maryland. Wei donated Taylor’s books to the Collections and they are being added to the cataloged print holdings. ¶ Wei has sponsored an annual dissertation fellowship in the history of meteorology for the Department of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine.