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History of Science Secondary Sources by Type

Reference & Research Aids

BROWSE these pages for reference works like bibliographies, dictionaries, and encyclopedias. Use these resources to become familiar with key works and scholarly trends. 


To browse for more works in specific subject areas:


TIps for Finding/Using Reference Works


Remember to look at general reference works and reference books from related fields. See: Reference Materials (by Laurie Scrivener, History/Area Studies Librarian).



Can't find an entry on your topic in a reference book? Then check in index at the back.

For example, the encyclopedia Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine does not have a separate entry on "rainbow."  But, in the index you will find citations to pages where the rainbow is discussed:

These page numbers after Rainbow lead you to entries on "Ibn al-Haytham," "Optics and Catoptrics," and "Theodoric of Freiberg"